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:: Volume 12, Issue 43 (5-2019) ::
پژوهش نامه اخلاق 2019, 12(43): 19-30 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the Definition of Lying from the Western and Islamic Perspective
Aliakbar Teimuri Fereiduni Mr
Abstract:   (131 Views)
The classic definition of lying in the West consists of three categories: 1. a false statement is said, 2. the speaker is aware of the falsehood of the statement, and 3. the speaker intends to deceive the audience. In the late twentieth century, the three-constituent definition of lying, particularly the third category (intention of deception), has been disputed and new definitions were presented. In alternative definitions, the term assertion is utilized, and by focusing on this term, issues such as humor, joking, theater, etc. are attempted to be excluded from the definition of lying. Most definitions presented by philosophers and jurists made use of the term reporting. This term (reporting) nicely removes humor and joking from lying since reporting other issues does not exist in them. As a result, Muslim thinkers did not recognize the intention of deception as a category of lying. This article demonstrates how concentrating on the two terms, reporting and assertion, makes the attachment “intention of deception” as a category of lying redundant.
Keywords: Lying, Western definition, Islamic definition, assertion, reporting, intention of deception.
Full-Text [PDF 223 kb]   (65 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Applied ethics
Received: 2019/12/6 | Accepted: 2019/12/6 | Published: 2019/12/6
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Teimuri Fereiduni A. Comparing the Definition of Lying from the Western and Islamic Perspective . پژوهش نامه اخلاق. 2019; 12 (43) :19-30
URL: http://akhlagh.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-1115-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 43 (5-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشنامه اخلاق Research Quarterly in Islamic Ethics
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