:: Volume 9, Issue 33 (Autumn 2016) ::
پژوهش نامه اخلاق 2016, 9(33): 47-64 Back to browse issues page
A Comparative-Historical analysis of the Meaning of Altruism for Muslim Scholars up to Seventh Century
Mohsen Mohseni , Ahad Faramarz Qaramaleki Dr
Abstract:   (1626 Views)

Though altruism has been of a strategic part in the formation and development of Islamic civilization, it has not been study separately and in detail. Muslim scholars, in particular those in moral and mysticism, have spoken of its what-ness. Predecessors have regarded donation in the state of need as its essential part of meaning while those of latter-day has intended by the word preferring others to oneself. Of the meanings, the former has been more accepted. Yet, these definitions would not be able to include such cases as jihad, martyrdom and sacrificing. The study, having studied and mentioned the two definitions critically and with a historical approach, has given a more comprehensive definition as: a communicative action in which a person with good intention prefers another one, being in need or not, to himself/herself for something of his/her needs or concern.

Keywords: Altruism, Preference, Donation, Another, Communicative Action, Love.
Full-Text [PDF 274 kb]   (468 Downloads)    
Type of Study: theoretic | Subject: Normative ethics
Received: 2016/08/25 | Accepted: 2016/12/10 | Published: 2017/06/17

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 9, Issue 33 (Autumn 2016) Back to browse issues page