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:: Volume 7, Issue 24 (summer 2014) ::
پژوهشنامه اخلاق 2014, 7(24): 25-44 Back to browse issues page
Avicenna's Ethical Virtue
Hosein Atrak
Abstract:   (1626 Views)
Avecinna's ethical theory is classified within ethical virtue-oriented theories. He begins his ethical theory by discussing salvation as the ultimate purpose of human life. In his viewpoint, ultimate salvation of human is achieved though "closeness to God almighty". The way of reaching closeness is perfection in practice and opinion. Therefore, human real salvation is in his perfection of theoretical and practical strength. Reaching the sovereign of justice demands perfection of the practical strength and bringing sensual and anger forces under the control of rational force and it requires Hikmat, courage, and modesty virtues. The perfection of theoretical force is that human will be aware of the realities of all objects, and wisdom (subjective) world is similar to the objective world. Avicenna has divided virtues into logical virtues (rational) and mood virtues in that the logical virtues are the soul virtues and mood virtues are virtues of the willed body. Observing the principle of moderation is the way of obtaining ethical virtues. The important point about Avicenna's theory is that for him, the moderation principle is known as accepted by the majority. It has also been attempted to mention the innovative aspects of Avicenna's ethical theory in comparison to other Islamic scholars.
Keywords: Avicenna, Ethics, Virtue-Orientation, Moderation, Virtues and Vices..
Full-Text [PDF 254 kb]   (485 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Applied ethics
Received: 2020/12/15 | Accepted: 2014/07/1 | Published: 2014/07/1
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Atrak H. Avicenna's Ethical Virtue. پژوهشنامه اخلاق 2014; 7 (24) :25-44
URL: http://akhlagh.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-1480-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 7, Issue 24 (summer 2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشنامه اخلاق Research Quarterly in Islamic Ethics
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